The Dark Side




La admistia internacional dice que las tropas de Estados Unidos estan usando minas antipersonales que estan prohibidas por las naciones unidas desde 1999.las minas antipersonales son un riesgo futuro para la poblacion iraqui.
Agradeceria mucho si alguien pudiera conseguir la trduccion de "minas antipersonales"
The Admisty international says that the troops of United States are using mines "antipersonales" that are prohibited by the united nations since 1999. The mines antipersonales are a future danger for the Iraqi population.


Hay informacion no confirmada de que mientras se entregaban alimentos a los iraquies se les lanzo un misil.
Agradeceria si alguien puede indicar la fuente.


El gobierno norteamericano esta aprovisionando a sus soldados de anfetaminas para que permanezcan mas tiempo activos. Duermen alrededor de 2 a 4 horas diarias. Es sabido que esta droga es alucinogena, pone agresivo a quien las consume. ¿el friendly fire y los errores colaterales sera el resultado del consumo de estas drogas?
The American government is provisioning to their soldiers amphetamines, so they remain more time assets. They sleep around 2 at 4 daily hours. is known that this drug is hallucinogenic, and becomes aggressive who consumes them. will the friendly fire and the colateral errors be the result of the consumption of these drugs?


Bombardearon una maternidad, segun CNN no hubo victimas civiles, CNN es muy honesta. 2/4/03
They bombarded a maternity, according to CNN there were not civil victims. CNN is so honest. 4/2/03


Pidieron a Estados Unidos que no tirara mas bombas de racimo porque el alcance de estas provocaba muchas muertes civiles. 2/4/03
They requested to United States not to drop cluster bombs because the reach of these it caused many civil deaths. 4/2/03

Dicen estar a 45 kilometros de Bagdad, pero una periodista argentino recorrio entre 110 y 120 kilometros y dijo no haber visto ninguna fuerza de la coalicion. 2/4/03
They say to be about 45 kilometers of Bagdad, but an Argentinean journalist traveled between 110 and 120 kilometers and he said not to have seen any force of the coalition. 4/2/03

PERTER ARNETT: muy importante corresponsal de guerra. estuvo cubriendo la guerra de Vietnam. con CNN la primera guerra del golfo. ahora estaba trabajando para NBC. fue despedido por criticar la estrategia militar de Bush y tambien por mostrar que el plan de guerra norteamericano estaba cobrando muchas victimas civiles. Tubo que pedir disculpa. NBC al igual que CNN no son cadenas que representan la "prensa libre". en el caso de NBC los duenos son el grupo economico General Electric los cuales son proveedores del complejo militar norteamericano, osea que responden a los intereses del gobierno. Ademas, Mohamed Bin Laden (Padre de Osama Bin Laden) fue el fundador del Osama Bin Laden Group (SGB). el SGB tiene importantes acciones en General Electric. ¡el mundo es tan chico!
PERTER ARNETT: very important correspondent of war. it was covering the war of Vietnam. with CNN the first war of the gulf. now he was working for NBC. it was discharged to criticize the military strategy of Bush and also to show that the American plan of war was charging many civil victims. He had to apologize. NBC as CNN is not chains that represent the "free press". in the case of NBC the owners are the economic group General Electric which are supplying of the American military complex that respond to the government's interests. Also, Mohamed Bin Laden (Father of Osama Bin Laden) was the founder of the Osama Bin Laden Group (SGB). the SGB has important actions in General Electric. the world is so small!


El avance de las tropas Americanas, hacia el aeropuerto Saddam Hussein, produjo 80 muertes y mas de 200 heridos civiles. 3/4/03
The advance of the American troops, toward the airport Saddam Hussein, produced 80 deaths and more than 200 civil wounded. 4/3/03


United States requested to England's troops not to sell the water to the Iraqis
Estados Unidos pidio a las tropas Inglesas que no vendan el agua a los iraquies







27 AUGUST 1999



The history of armed conflict amply demonstrates the efficacy and value of psychological operations (PSYOP) across the range of military activity. Performing the critical tasks of preparing and influencing the battlespace psychologically, PSYOP are an integral part of today’s aerospace strategy, especially in relation to broader information operations (IO).

Air Force PSYOP forces support US national and military objectives through planned operations to convey information to target audiences. PSYOP provide a low-cost, high-impact method to deter adversaries and obtain the support of friendly or neutral target audiences. The effective use of PSYOP can provide asymmetrical advantages by exposing and exploiting adversaries’ resistance and psychological weaknesses to create uncertainty and ambiguity, thereby lowering their morale and will to fight and win. In combination with military operations, PSYOP can encourage popular discontent with the adversary’s leadership and degrade the enemy’s ability to conduct military operations.

Psychological operations are an effective and integral component of information warfare and provide a vital contribution to the Air Force core competency of information superiority. When integrated with other activities, PSYOP maximize effects on the enemy and on their ability to make decisions.

Major General, USAF
Commander, Air Force Doctrine Center
27 August 1999


JP 1-02, DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms, defines psychological operations (PSYOP) as:

Planned operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals. The purpose of psychological operations is to induce or reinforce foreign attitudes and behavior favorable to the originator’s objectives.

The Air Force may attain United States (US) national and military objectives through PSYOP designed to convey selected information to targeted audiences. PSYOP are systematically employed to induce or reinforce foreign attitudes and behavior favorable to US objectives. While the Air Intelligence Agency (AIA) and Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) are assigned primary PSYOP responsibilities within the Air Force, almost all aerospace forces have the inherent capability to support PSYOP. Because PSYOP are an integral part of US military operations, US Air Force forces must be prepared to support PSYOP objectives in support of global engagement across the range of military operations.



Strategic PSYOP are conducted on a global or regional basis in support of US goals and objectives. PSYOP may take many forms, to include diplomatic positions, announcements, or communiqués. An increase in US military presence provides a powerful psychological message. Accordingly, the US may send an aerospace expeditionary task force (ASETF) to convey a message of US resolve and act as a powerful deterrent to foreign aggression. Strategic PSYOP are conducted predominantly outside the military arena but can utilize DOD assets and be supported by military PSYOP and other air operations (e.g., bombers were deployed to Guam and Diego Garcia to influence Iraqi leadership to allow on-site inspections.)


Operational PSYOP are conductedin a defined geographic
area to promote the effectiveness of a theater commander’s objectives as well as theater campaigns and strategies. These operations are designed to strengthen US, allied, or coalition capabilities to conduct military operations in the theater and accomplish particular missions during crises and open hostilities. They are conducted prior to and during war or conflict, and at the conclusion of open hostilities. At the operational level, aerospace PSYOP can identify targets or centers of gravity with the greatest potential for psychological impact. Additionally, aerospace efforts may include leaflet drops, loudspeaker broadcasts, and airborne radio or television transmissions designed to encourage enemy forces to defect, desert, flee, or surrender, or undertake any other activity supportive of US objectives. Additionally, if potential adversaries can be favorably influenced by PSYOP, confrontations may be avoided. These efforts may also enhance force protection by influencing the local populace to report terrorist, sabotage, or other plans to attack US or friendly forces, thereby enabling the US to counter those plans. Persistent offensive attacks can have a synergistic effect with PSYOP accelerating the degradation of morale and encouraging desertion.

Operational PSYOP inOperation DESERT STORM

During Operation DESERT STORM, Air Force C-130s dropped leaflets and broadcast radio messages warning Iraqi soldiers that they would be bombed by the world’s largest conventional
bomb. The next day, the joint force commander (JFC) employed a series of BLU-82 airdrops. Shortly thereafter, the C-130s dropped leaflets announcing additional BLU-82 airdrops. The combination of the leaflets, radio broadcasts, and bombs were subsequently credited with directly causing a significant number of Iraqi desertions.


Tactical PSYOP are normally conducted in conjunction with other tactical operations against opposing forces or audiences. At this level, PSYOP are normally targeted for individual engagements. Planners tailor persuasive communications, in a variety of media formats, for the foreign target audience. During Operation JUST CAUSE, Air Force aircraft supported tactical ground forces by broadcasting radio and television messages urging the Panamanian populace to remain in their homes—and out of harm’s way. In similar situations, Air Force assets can be employed to broadcast radio, TV, and loudspeaker messages which may influence a wider audience.


Consolidation PSYOP aim to strengthen, or consolidate, US efforts in a given region. Conducted in foreign areas where United States forces are operating and where an enemy or potentially hostile populace is also present, consolidation PSYOP help influence the foreign populace to support US local objectives and allow the supported commanders operational freedom. Consolidation PSYOP may be particularly effective during foreign internal defense operations. For example, if US forces are helping a foreign government to remove land mines, PSYOP could publicize the effort to gain support from the local populace, hence creating a safer working environment for US personnel. Additionally, this would gain support for the foreign government as they are seen working to benefit their people.